1. Check the rug's label
Lift the corners of your rug to reveal the rug's label. Usually, on the label, it will have instructions on the safest way to clean your Oriental rug. Rugs can be made of silk, wool, cotton, or synthetic material and each requires a certain degree of finesse when cleaning. Cotton and wool rugs are generally more durable and possible to clean yourself, all other rugs should be taken to a professional.
2. Pre-clean your rug
Sweep your rug. Use a broom with straw bristles or a carpet sweeper to do the initial cleaning of your rug. Sweep in one direction from end to end. Don't rub your broom back and forth because you could end up damaging it. Once you're done sweeping the entirety of the rug, repeat the cycle and go over it a second time.Electric carpet sweepers use static electricity to pick up dirt and are the safest method for quickly cleaning an antique oriental rug.
Beat and shake your rug outside. If you can pick your rug up, you can take it outside and shake it to remove embedded dirt and other particles. If your rug is too big to shake, hang it on a clothesline and beat it with your hands. You should see the dust and dirt come off of the rug as you do this.
3. Move your furniture around occasionally
Heavy pieces of furniture that sit on top of your oriental rug can work down the fibers and damage your carpet over time. To prevent this, rearrange your furniture every six months. This will even out the wear and tear on your rug and increase its longevity.
Types of Rugs
Pile rugs are the most popular residential type of carpeting material. Area rugs made from piled carpeting may be separately constructed or bound carpet remnants. To clean and maintain your pile rugs, follow a routine similar to caring for wall-to-wall carpet. Vacuum regularly to remove dust and debris. Spills should be blotted and treated according to the rug manufacturers’ specifications. Professional carpet cleaning once each year will deep clean pile rugs and extend their lifetime.
Flat Weave Rugs
Flat weave rugs are great for allergy sufferers and are typically low maintenance. The flat texture of these rugs makes wiping spills easier and prevents dirt and dust from becoming trapped like it does in higher pile rugs. If flat weave rugs are small, shaking them out can also remove debris lying on the surface. According to Houzz, furniture and toys slide easily over flat weave rugs, making them a good choice for areas where kids play. Before cleaning spills or stains on a flat weave rug, check the tag for instructions. Most flat weave rugs may need to be dry cleaned.
Oriental rugs are known for their elegant look and beautiful but delicate fibers. Regular vacuuming will help remove most, but not all, of the dust and debris from these rugs. To properly deep clean an Oriental rug, hire a professional. Rug cleaning services have the proper equipment and cleaning solutions for both machine woven and handmade Oriental rugs. Doing it yourself could result in damage, that is why for these expensive rugs hiring a professional is always the best course of action!